Biometric Residence Permit

What is a Biometric Residence Permit in the UK in 2024

Understanding the Biometric Residence Permit.

So, you’ve been thinking about making your way to the United Kingdom for work, study, or to be with your loved ones. In your quest to understand all things British, you’ve likely come across the term “BRP card.” But what on earth is it, and why should you care? Let’s dive into this guide, written in easy-to-understand English (UK), to help you navigate the world of UK immigration and the intriguing world of BRP cards


A Biometric Residence Permit (BRP) is an official document issued by immigration authorities in certain countries, including the United Kingdom, to foreign nationals who are granted permission to live, work, or study in that country for an extended period. It serves as evidence of an individual’s immigration status and their right to stay in the country during their authorized period of residence.

The BRP contains important information such as the individual’s details, photograph, immigration status, duration of stay, and any restrictions or conditions attached to their permission to remain in the country. It also includes biometric data, typically fingerprints and facial recognition, which enhances the security and authenticity of the document.

In the United Kingdom, for example, individuals from outside the European Economic Area (EEA) and Switzerland who are granted certain types of visas, such as work visas, student visas, or family visas, will be issued a BRP as part of their immigration process. The BRP must be collected within a specified period after arriving in the UK and must be presented as proof of their right to live and work in the country. It is an essential document that individuals are required to keep safe and up-to-date while residing in the UK.

Other countries may have similar systems or documents to regulate the stay of foreign nationals and ensure proper immigration control. It’s important for individuals who hold a Biometric Residence Permit to be aware of its validity, renewal requirements, and any obligations associated with it to maintain their legal status within the country.

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Decoding the BRP Card

Imagine your ID card but with a super upgrade. The BRP card is proof that you’re legally allowed to hang around the UK for more than six months. It’s got all your details – your name, birthdate, what you’re up to in the UK, and any rules you need to follow.

Why the BRP Card Matters

This card isn’t just a fashion accessory; it’s a key to the kingdom. Want to open a bank account? Enroll in a uni? Get a job? The BRP card says, “Yes, you’re invited!” It’s like your golden ticket to all things UK.

How to Get Your BRP Card

replace Biometric Residence Permit
  1. Collect Your BRP Card: Visit the designated collection point to collect your BRP card. Bring your decision letter and any other required documents. You might need to pay a fee to collect your BRP.
  2. Check Your BRP Card: Once you receive your BRP card, check that all the information on it is correct, including your name, date of birth, visa category, and duration of stay.
  3. Keep Your BRP Safe: Your BRP card is an important immigration document. Keep it safe and secure. You may need to present it when traveling, proving your right to work, study, or access public services in the UK.

Important Notes:

  • The specific steps and requirements might vary based on your circumstances and the type of visa you’re applying for.
  • Always refer to the official UK government website for the most up-to-date information and guidance on applying for a BRP card.
  • Make sure to provide accurate and complete information throughout the visa application process.
  • Keep copies of all documents and communications related to your visa application.
  • If you have any questions or uncertainties, consider seeking advice from immigration professionals or consulting the UK Home Office directly.

Who’s Eligible?

Are you packing your bags for an extended UK stay? Non-EEA pals with a visa to stay more than six months, this one’s for you. EEA folks and their fam might need it too, depending on their situation.

Can I enter the UK without my Biometric Residence Permit?

When you’re planning to enter the UK, it’s important to remember that having your Biometric Residence Permit (BRP) with you is a key requirement. Your BRP acts as proof of your immigration status and your permission to stay in the UK. So, if you’re thinking of coming to the UK, make sure you have your BRP in hand—it’s like your entry ticket.

Imagine your BRP as your official identity card while you’re in the UK. It’s something you’ll want to keep with you, just as you would your passport. If, for any reason, you find yourself without your BRP when you arrive, you might run into a bit of a snag with the immigration folks. They’re pretty strict about this, and not having your BRP could potentially cause some delays or even prevent you from entering.

If by chance you misplace your BRP or it gets swiped, don’t worry too much. Stuff happens, right? If that does occur, it’s really important to report it to the Home Office as soon as you can. They’ll guide you on what to do next, which will likely involve getting a replacement.

Keep in mind that immigration rules can change, so it’s smart to double-check the latest info on the official UK government website or maybe have a quick chat with immigration authorities before you travel. That way, you’ll be totally in the loop about what you need to breeze through when coming to the UK.

Step-by-Step Application for Biometric Residence Permit

Getting this card is like following a recipe – a recipe for living it up in the UK. Once you have your visa nod, you’ll get a 30-day visa sticker on your passport. Then it’s time to hop over and grab your BRP card.

All About Biometrics

Sounds fancy, right? Biometrics are your fingerprints and a snazzy photo. Pop into an official place, show your visa sticker and passport, and they’ll take your biometrics. It’s like saying, “Cheese!” but more official.

Waiting and Collecting

Be patient, pal! After your biometrics date, your BRP card needs a bit of TLC before it’s ready. Once it’s done, they’ll give you the nod to grab it at a certain spot. It’s like picking up your online shopping, but way more exciting.

Oops! Lost Your Biometric Residence Permit?

lost or stolen Biometric Residence Permit

Losing stuff stinks, but don’t fret. Tell the Home Office right away and ask for a new card. You’re the star of your UK story – you don’t want to miss a chapter.

If your Biometric Residence Permit (BRP) has been lost, stolen, damaged, or has incorrect information, you may need to apply for a replacement. Here’s how you can go about getting a replacement BRP in the UK:

  1. Report the Loss or Theft: If your BRP has been lost or stolen, report it to the police and obtain a police report. This will be necessary for your replacement application.
  2. Apply Online: You can apply for a replacement BRP online through the UK government’s official website. Create an account and fill out the relevant application form. Make sure to provide accurate and up-to-date information.
  3. Provide Required Documents: You will need to provide the following documents along with your application:
    • A copy of the police report (if your BRP was lost or stolen).
    • A copy of your passport or travel document.
    • A passport-sized photograph of yourself.
  4. Biometric Enrolment: You will usually need to book an appointment to enroll your biometric information (fingerprints and photograph) at a local post office or a designated center. You might need to pay a fee for this service.
  5. Pay the Replacement Fee: There is a fee associated with replacing a BRP. Make sure to pay the fee as part of your application process.
  6. Provide Additional Documents (if applicable): Depending on the circumstances, you might need to provide additional documents. For example, if your personal details have changed, you might need to provide evidence of the change (such as a marriage certificate).
  7. Wait for Processing: After submitting your application and attending the biometric appointment, you’ll need to wait for your replacement BRP to be processed. This can take a few weeks.
  8. Collect Your BRP: Once your replacement BRP is ready, you will receive a notification on how to collect it. Usually, you’ll need to collect it in person from a specified location.

Remember that the information provided here is a general guideline, and the specific requirements and processes may vary based on individual circumstances and any updates in the UK’s immigration policies. Always refer to the official UK government website or contact the Home Office for the most accurate and up-to-date information on obtaining a replacement BRP.

Home office BRP contact number

All times are UK local time. The contact center is closed on bank holidays.

Contact Centre

DayTelephoneOperating Hours
Monday+44 (0)300 790 62688:00 AM – 8:30 PM
Tuesday+44 (0)300 790 62688:00 AM – 8:30 PM
Wednesday+44 (0)300 790 62688:00 AM – 8:30 PM
Thursday+44 (0)300 790 62688:00 AM – 8:30 PM
Friday+44 (0)300 790 62688:00 AM – 8:30 PM
Saturday+44 (0)203 875 46699:30 AM – 4:30 PM
Sunday+44 (0)203 875 46699:30 AM – 4:30 PM

What if the BRP card is not received within the timeframe?

If your BRP has not arrived within 10 days of receiving your decision email or letter, you should track the delivery of your BRP on the Royal Mail tracking website.

You can also contact Royal Mail for assistance:

Royal Mail Telephone: 03452 680 234

  • Monday to Friday: 8 am to 6 pm
  • Saturday: 8 am to 2 pm
  • Sunday: 9 am to 2 pm

If Royal Mail attempts to deliver your BRP but is unable to do so, they will leave you a card with instructions. You must follow these instructions to either:

  • Collect your BRP from your local Royal Mail delivery office
  • Arrange redelivery or provide additional delivery instructions


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